Gunung Mulu National Park
he largest national park in Sarawak, the Gunung Mulu National Park covers and area of 52,865ha consisting of a primary rainforest and an extensive system of rivers and streams. Mulu has eight different types of forests, ranging from the humid lowland to the high montane forests. The landscape is dominated by three mountains – Gunung Mulu (2,376m), Gunung Api (1,750m) and Gunung Benarat (1,585m). Although more synonymous with giant caves and limestone mountains, Gunung Mulu National Park is also a great bird watching area. Blessed with diverse natural attributes, it is not surprising that it is home to 262 bird species, including all eight hornbill species found in Sarawak.
The variety of lowland forest birds found here includes the Great Argus, Yellow-crowned Barbet, Short-toed Coucal, Jerdon’s Baza, Bat Hawk, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Jambu Fruit Dove, Green Imperial Pigeon, Large Frogmouth, Moustached Hawk and Drongo Cuckoo, Black and Crested Partridges, Crestless and Crested Fireback pheasants, Checker-throated and Buff-rumped Woodpeckers, Diard’s and Cinnamon-rumped Trogons, Raffle’s and Red-billed Malkohas as well as the Rufous-collared and Blue-eared Kingfishers.
In the caves of the Mulu National Park, you may find the Black-nest and Edible-nest Swiftlets. Much sought after Bornean endemic birds spotted here include the Red-breasted Partridge, Bulwer’s Pheasant, Whitehead’s Trgogon, Golden-naped Barbet, Hose’s Broadbill, Borneon Whistling Thrush, Black-throated Wren Babbler, Borneon Blue Flycatcher, Borneon Whistler and the Black-sided Flowerpecker. Birds can be found along most of the trails in Mulu.
The trails leading to the Deer and Lang Caves are popular for bird watching. The 4-kilometre long trail to Clearwater and Wind Caves are also recommended as it traverses through mostly lowland forest. Energetic bird watchers can try the Summit trail to Gunung Mulu where many montane bird species, including the Whitehead’s Trogon and Broadbill, are found. Not to be missed is the uniqe phenomenon of hundreds and thousand of bats exiting Deer Cave and watching Bat Hawks and other raptors hunting the bats as they fly out in the evening. It is advisable to inform park authorities before going on your treks and hire a guide to accompany you if you plan to on the longer trails.
Bird Watching Locations:
Perlis : Perlis State Park | Lake Timah Tasoh
Kedah : Lake Pedu | Langkawi | Ulu Muda Forest Reserve
Penang : Teluk Air Tawar | Penang National Park
Perak : Bukit Larut | Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary | Royal Belum State Park and Temengor Forest
Selangor : Kuala Selangor Nature Park | Tanjong Karang | Forest Research Institute of Malaysia
Negeri Sembilan : Port Dickson | Pasoh Forest Reserve
Melaka : Air Keroh Recreational Forest | Tanjung Tuan Forest Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary
Pahang : Taman Negara-Kuala Tahan | Fraser’s Hill | Cameron Highlands
Kelantan : Taman Negara-Kuala Koh | Stong State Park
Terengganu : Taman Negara-Tanjung Mentong | Setiu Wetlands
Johor : Panti Forest Reserve | Endau Rompin National Park
Sarawak : Bako National Park | Gunung Mulu National Park | Similajau National Park
Sabah : Danum Valley Conservation Area | Kinabalu Park | Kinabatangan Flood Plain and Wildlife Sanctuary